Selective mutism is social anxiety and a rare psychological disorder. Children can speak and understand the language but cannot express themselves in a specific social situation in front of the public.
In selective mutism, a person is having shy feelings and low self-confidence.
Selective Mutism In Adults And Child
Selective mutism is an anxiety disease where a person cannot speak in specific social situations, such as classmates at school or with relatives. It starts during childhood and is left in adulthood.
A baby or adult with selective mutism does not refuse or choose not to speak at certain times; they cannot speak.
I had earlier shared What is Infantile Autism?: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment I hope you read.
Table of Contents
Causes of selective mutism
- May have an anxiety disorder
- Pervasive developmental disorder such as autism in that child is having speech and language difficulties.
- Psychotic disorder
In selective mutism also including this symptom:
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Symptoms of selective mutism
If you believe that child may be struggling with selective mutism, then look for the following symptoms:
Characteristics of selective mutism
- Result in higher anxiety levels.
- Find it difficult to maintain eye contact.
- They tend to worry about things more than others.
- Consistent failure to speak in a specific social situation not due to lack of knowledge.
- It interferes with educational, occupational, social functioning.
I also wrote a article on Early Signs Of Antisocial Behavior in Children include: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment also you can read.
Treatment of selective mutism
A change of environment, e.g., Changing schools, where the child’s condition is not known, will make the child quite comfortable.
You might find this article useful: Children’s Mental Health and Emotional Well being in Primary Schools
Give the child a more convenient space in that suffering child is conduct into a controlled environment with someone they are at ease with and can communicate gradually. Another person introduces the situation involving several small steps.
Desensitization: The child is allowed to communicate via nondirect means, phone, and webchat.
Shaping: Encouraging the patient to sound, then speak the words and then make the sentences like that to mold the behaviour.
Drug therapy: Antidepressant, anxiolytic drugs.
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