Social Handicaps: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Types

Socially handicapped children” are those who are unable to conform to an acceptable social standard, while they may or may not be intellectually normal or physically handicapped. They refuse to do the customs of society.

Children categorized as socially handicapped are:

  • Orphans 
  • Neglected children
  • Children of divorced or stepparents
  • Delinquent children

I had earlier shared  Physically Handicapped  I hope you read.

Social Handicaps
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Table of Contents

Orphans

Definition:

  • An orphan is a child permanently without his or her parents. A child who has lost both parents is called an orphan.    

Behavioral Problems Associated with Orphans

  • Developmental retardation
  • Conduct and steep problems
  • Personality problems
  • Bed-wetting

Also see:  Encopresis And Autism

Here are 3 guides that you can refer to learn more about : 

Neglected Children

  • For better growth and development of the child, emotional attachment or bonding must occur between the infant and the mother. On the other hand, some infants are neglected or are cared for rarely.
  • Child neglect continues defined as the adverse consequence of inadequate or negligent parenting.It may be unintentional. Deliberate and severe neglect is the term deprivation.
  • About 1-3% of children in developed countries are abused or neglected.

 Types of Neglect 

  • Physical Neglect 
  • Nutritional Neglect 
  • Medical Care Neglect 
  • Emotional Deprivation 
  • Educational Neglect 

Physical Neglect 

  • Physical neglect includes children deprived of food, clothing, and shelter. Children coming to school hungry with no provision of lunch, child smelling of urine, and dirty children are typical examples of physical neglect. 
  • The safety of these children is more neglect due to a lack of supervision

Read : Children’s Mental Health and Emotional Well being in Primary Schools

Medical Care Neglect

  • It includes neglect in acute illnesses, chronic, life-threatening diseases, and neglect in the excellent child (e.g., neglect in immunization, proper and exclusive breastfeeding, weaning, etc.).

 Nutritional Neglect

  • It is an actual cause of failure to thrive (failure to achieve proper growth). These children exhibit thin extremities, a narrow face, prominent chest bones (ribs), and wasted buttocks. 
  • Nutritional neglect occurs when Both parents are working.
  • There is disharmony among parents.
  • The child is a female.
  • There are too many children in a low-income family.
  • Children are orphans or living in children’s homes, SOS villages, etc.

Suggested read: Premature Infant

 Emotional Deprivation

  • The effect of emotional deprivation depends upon the age of the child. Usually, the motherless young children are emotionally deprived and appear to be withdrawn, listless, or immobile and unhappy. Older children may be aggressive, unduly fearful, started, or depressed. 

 Educational Neglect

  • Getting free and compulsory education is the right of every child. Still, some children are not sent to school because of financial constraints, to take care of younger siblings, make household chores, or earn money for the family. 

 Management

Management of neglected children depends on the cause of decay. It includes:

  • Educating and helping parents to correct their erroneous thinking and attitude.
  • Provide a stimulation program to the emotionally neglected child.
  • should make Parents realize their responsibilities towards their children.
  • If the child’s neglect is willful or sadistic, the child needs to be placed in foster homes.

Children of Divorced Or Stepparents

  • Divorce between parents is a matter of deep concern for the children. 
  • Behavioral reaction of the child to a parent’s divorce depends upon the child’s age.

The reaction of a young child to a parent’s divorce is as follows:

  • Resistance to toilet training
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Temper tantrums
  • Learning problems in school
  • Feeding problems/Refusal to feeds

The reaction of adolescents to parent’s divorce is as follows:

Read: Early Signs Of Antisocial Behavior in Children include

Handling Children of Divorced Parents

  • It is essential not to expose a child to conflict between parents and not to use the child as a pawn.
  • Do not keep the child in darkness. Explain to him/her what is happening without going into the details about the parent’s shortcomings.
  • Listen to the child and provide emotional support. 
  • Do not try to overcompensate the child by spoiling him or not disciplining effectively.
  • should rear a child to respect both parents.
  • Child should unread that both parents are lovely people, but separate because they have different views about life.

Effect of Step-Parent

  • The effect of a stepparent in the home depends on the personality of the stepparent. 
  • If the child is not getting love and care because of the absence of a birth parent, the stepparent may fulfill the needs of love and affection and, in this way, successfully reunite the family. 
  • If, on the other hand, the stepparent has a negative attitude or is cruel, the child regards him/her as an intruder and may create a problematic situation.
  • Children also feel jealous of the affection between a parent and a stepparent. 
  • When the child understands the need for a stepparent, he is more willing to accept stepparents as part of his family. 
  • This results in fewer adjustment problems in the family.

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