Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Exposure to traumas such as a severe accident, a natural disaster, or criminal assault can result in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. When the aftereffect of a traumatic experience interferes with normal functioning, the person may have PTSD.
It affects between 7 and 8 percent of the population, and women are more affected than men.
Table of Contents
Causes of PTSD
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) can occur after a traumatic event. Include:
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- Serious accidents
- Natural disasters
- Military confrontation
- Terrorist attacks
- Loss of loved one
- Personal assault
- Being a victim of crime
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Any situation that triggers shock, fear, horror, or helplessness can lead to PTSD.
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It remains unclear why people develop PTSD while others do not.
The following risk factors may raise the chance of experiencing symptoms:
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- Lacking social support after an event
- Having a history of mental health problems
- experience of abuse, for example, during childhood
- Losing a job and losing a loved one
Symptoms and diagnosis
PTSD symptoms usually start within three months of an event, but they can begin later.
To receive a diagnosis of PTSD, they meet criteria set out by the American Psychological Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual Fifth Edition.
Here are examples of these four types of a symptom:
- Fearful dreams
- Withdrawing to discuss the issue
- Avoid situations that recall the person of the experience
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Arousal and reactivity symptoms
- Hypersensitivity to possible dangers
- Feeling tense and anxious
- Difficulty sleeping
- Irritability and angry outbursts
Symptoms that affect mood and thinking
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- Difficulty concentrating
- Having a reduced interest in life
- Feelings of guilt and blame
There also be physical symptoms, but these are not included in the DSM-5 criteria:
- A weak immune system can lead to various infections.
- Sleep disorders can result in tiredness and other problems.
- Physical effects include sweating, headaches, shaking, dizziness, stomach problems, aches and pains, and chest pain.
Children and teens
- Inability to speak
- Acting out the event in play
- Being clingy with an adult
Children who have undergone sexual abuse are more likely to:
- Hurt themselves
- Misuse drugs or alcohol
- Feel fear, sadness, anxiety, and isolation
- Have a low sense of self-worth
As part of the PTSD diagnostic process, the person may be provided a screening test to evaluate whether or not they own PTSD.
The time used for this can range from 15 minutes to one-hour sessions. A more comprehensive assessment may be used if there are legal implications or if a disability claim depends on it.
Many people recover in 6 months, but some continue to experience symptoms for years.
This disease can be treated only by a psychologist. This treatment can last for a long time or even for life. During this, counseling, hypnosis, and medicines are used for the treatment of the patient.
Some medications are applied to treat PTSD.
Particular serotonin reuptake, like paroxetine, are ordinarily used. SSRIs also help heal depression, anxiety, and sleep problems, often linked to PTSD. In addition, there have been some statements that antidepressant medications can cause an increased risk of suicide in individuals under 24.
The study has suggested that the following therapies may help, but further evidence is needed to confirm their safety and effectiveness.
- Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR)
- Cortisone hormone therapy
- Computer games
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- Finding someone to trust in.
- Spending time with people who know what has occurred.
- Letting people know what trigger signs.
- Breaking down tasks into smaller pieces to make them easier to prioritize.
- Doing exercises, such as walking, swimming, or meditation
- Practicing breathing, relaxation, or meditation ways.
- Listening to music or spending some time with nature.
- Understanding that it will take some time for signs to run away.
- Trusting that PTSD is not a sign of weakness and can relate to anyone.
- Participating in delightful activities that can provide distraction.
Many people who work in situations where traumatic accidents are more likely to occur, the military and emergency services, maybe given training or counseling to support them reduce the risk of PTSD. However, the effectiveness of PTSD has been examined, and studies have suggested that it can be harmful. It may interface with the natural recovery method, for example, by pushing people to face thoughts and emotions before they can do so.
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