Antipsychotic drugs are used in psychosis and other mental and emotional disorders’ treatment.
Table of Contents
What do antipsychotic drugs do?
Mechanism of action
- Mesolimbic and meso frontal systems (concerned with emotional reactions).
The alpha-adrenergic blockade causes Sedation.
- Anti-dopaminergic drugs cause the EPS (Extrapyramidal Symptoms)
- Atypical antipsychotics have anti serotonergic (5-hydroxytryptamine or 5-HT) and adrenergic and antihistaminic actions. These are therefore called serotonin-dopamine antagonists.
Antipsychotic drugs are used to treat...
Treat organic psychiatric disorders
- Delirium tremens
- Drug-induced psychosis
- Other organic mental disorders
Treat functional disorders
- Schizoaffective disorders
- Paranoid disorders
Treat mood disorders
- Major depression with psychotic symptoms
Treat childhood disorders
- Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
- Autism Enuresis
- Conduct disorder
Treat neurotic and other psychiatric disorder
- Anorexia nervosa
- Intractable obsessive-compulsive disorder
- Severe, intractable and disabling anxiety
Treat medical disorders
- Huntington’s chorea
- Intractable hiccough
- Nausea and vomiting
- Tic disorder
- Severe pain in malignancy Tetanus
- hepatic dysfunction
- QT prolongation
- CNS depression
- bone marrow depression
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Side effect of antipsychotic drugs
- Extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS)
- Nausea; GI upset
- Skin rash
- Orthostatic hypotension
- Hormonal effects
- ECG changes
- Reduction of seizure threshold
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