What is Cryptorchidism? | Which Surgical Procedure Is Used It?

What is Cryptorchidism?

Cryptorchidism refers to the condition where a testicle does not fall into the scrotum bag before the child’s birth. This condition is rare, mainly when it comes to children serving the entire term of pregnancy, predominantly in children born preterm. The main symptom of this condition is the lack of a testicle where it should be.

The testicle often leaves itself in the scrotum within a few months. However, if the testicle does not fall on its own, doctors usually recommend surgery to correct the problem. It is usually recommended that the child undergoes surgery before reaching the age of 18 months.

Testes fail to descend through the inguinal canal into the scrotal sac, thereby exposing the testes to the heat of the body, leading to low sperm counts at sexual maturity.

Table of Contents

Causes cryptorchidism

  • Blockage of the inguinal canal: stricture.
  • Testicular torsion.
  • Frequently associated with an inguinal hernia.
  • birth of baby before gestation age of mother 
  • low birth weight.
  • Women who consume caffeine(at least three drinks per day).

 You must read this article Hiatal Hernia Repair

Signs and symptoms cryptorchidism

  • Testes are not palpable.
  • A previously descended testis that ascends into.
  • an extra scrotal position.
  • Diagnostic evaluation.
  • History collection.
  • Physical examination.
  • USG.
  • C T scan.
  • MRI.

Surgical procedure is used to treat cryptorchidism

  • Human chorionic gonadotropin hormone is given to induce descent.
  • A doctor will likely suggest surgery to correct the placement of the testicle that hasn’t dropped into the scrotum. This procedure is called orchiopexy or orchidopexy.
  • Orchiopexy surgery can be done if inguinal testes are not descended after 4-6 months.

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