What Is Orchitis?: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Diagnosis

What Is Orchitis?

Orchitis is an inflammation of the testicles. It is due to viruses or bacteria. Both testicles are affected by orchitis at the same time. However, its symptoms usually appear in only one testicle.

The Mumps virus often causes this type of inflammation. Mumps is a disease caused by the genus Rubella Virus.

Table of Contents

Causes of orchitis

Virus or Bacteria can cause orchitis:

  • Infection
  • bacterial, viral, fungal, parasitic.
  • Neisseria gonorrhea, Chlamydia, E Coli, Klebsiella.
  • A lump in the testicle can also cause it.
  • Mumps is a childhood disease. Vaccination is done to avoid this.
  • Thirty-three percent of men who suffer from mumps in their teens develop orchitis.

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Signs and symptoms of orchitis

The main Symptom of orchitis:

  • Swelling of one or both testicles.
  • Feeling from mild to severe pain.
  • Fever or rise in body temperature.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Feeling pain during the restroom.
  • Painful ejaculation.
  • Bleeding in semen.
  • Prostate gland enlargement.
  • Inflammatory lymph nodes in the groin.
  • In such a situation, sometimes there may be complaints of pain in the waist and lower abdomen.
  • Blood in semen

Risk factor for orchitis

People who attack in high-risk sexual behavior are more likely to develop orchitis.

Sexual intercourse without a condom.

Even if the congenital urinary tract area is abnormal, there is a risk of your orchitis. It means that you are born with urinary problems.

Also see: What Is Urethral Stricture Permanent Solution? | Urethral Stricture Surgery Recovery.


Diagnosis for orchitis

Before we get started, you should also read the following guides to help you learn more: What Is Epispadias And Hypospadias?

Your doctor will do a physical examination of the prostate to see if the prostate is swollen.

Your doctor will ask for a urine example and can swab any discharge for lab testing. For example, it can determine if you have a sexually transmitted disease or an infection.

Ultrasound imaging can rule out testicular torsions. Testicular torsion is another condition that causes testicular and groin pain, and the symptoms sometimes confuse people with orchitis.

The testicular torsion is the curve of the sperm cell – the network of nerves and blood vessels that go into each testicle. If it opposes blood flow to your testicles, it affects your fertility. Therefore, you should seek medical treatment.

I also wrote a tutorial on What is Prostate Cancer?: Prostate Cancer Treatment Options that you can follow.

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Treatment of orchitis

  • Depends on the causative organism.
  • Bacterial orchitis can be treated with antibiotics and supportive comfort measures.
  • If the cause of orchitis is STD, the partner also has to be treated.
  • There is no cure for virus orchitis. It gets cured on its own. Meanwhile, you can go home to reduce your symptoms.
  • Taking painkillers, applying ice packs, these things can comfort you.
  • Sexual intercourse should not be done when you treat orchitis. 
  • For viral orchitis, supportive treatment of rest, scrotal elevation, ice packs to reduce scrotal edema.
  • Analgesics, Anti-inflammatory agents.
  • Mumps vaccination is recommended for posting pubertal men who did not have mumps.


It cannot prevent some of the symptoms of orchitis. You suffer from urinary tract problems from birth. You can protect against certain types of viral orchitis. Vaccinate yourself and your children against mumps to reduce the risk of orchitis and change your lifestyle.

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