What Is Placenta Previa?

Cases of placenta previa continue to rise. So it’s time we plan for the future and keep ourselves a step ahead.

As I said, with the reach of placenta Previa cases growing at an exceptional rate, we need to reach out to its solutions.

Do you know what placenta previa is?

Let me tell you.

What is placenta previa?

During the pregnancy placenta is developed inside the uterus that provide oxygen and nutrition to the baby.

The placenta is implanted partially or entirely in the lower part of the uterus; The placenta attaches to your baby through the umbilical cord. it’s called placenta Previa. 

It is the gynecological complications in that painless vaginal bleeding in the third trimester. 

I had earlier shared Focused Antenatal Care Planning And Providing Care During Pregnancy I hope you read the post. 

Here’s a question:

How to be intimate with placenta previa? So let’s go through the answer.

placenta previa
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Table of Contents

How to be intimate with placenta previa?

Probably you should not have a sexual relationship if you have the complication of placenta previa because it can lead to the risk of antepartum hemorrhage.

If you have placenta previa at the end of pregnancy, a doctor may advise you to rest in bed and avoid having sex and orgasms.

You may have advised for complete bed rest at home. However, if you have any bleeding symptoms, contact your doctor immediately.

Well, this is what you should do with placenta previa.

Now, let’s go hands-on, and I will show you some of the possible causes of placenta previa.

Don’t Forget To Read:

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Causes of placenta previa

Causes for the development of placenta previa include the following situations.

Placenta previa happens in approximately 1 out of every 200 pregnancies. You may be more likely to get it if you:

  • Abnormal position of the baby
  • Any previous surgery related to uterus
  • Dilatation and curettage 
  • Alcohol and tobacco consumptions  
  • Age more than 35 years
  • Fertilized ovum implanted in the lower part of the uterus.
  • Twins baby

Let’s have a look at the different types of placenta previa

I have already covered:

Types of placenta previa

There are 4 types of placenta previa. Below I have briefly explained each type. So let’s dig into it.

First degree ( Type-I Placenta Previa Lateralis– Low lying placenta)

The part of the placenta is attached to the upper segment &only the lower margin encroaches onto the lower section but not up to the internal OS.

Second degree ( Type-II Placenta Previa marginalis)

The placenta reaches the internal OS but does not cover it entirely.

Type-III (Partial Central Incomplete)  

Partially placenta covers the internal os.

Include the internal OS when it is close but not when it dilates fully.

Central or total (Type-IV)

The placenta fully covers the internal OS when it dilates fully. 

The right question that you should be asking right now is:

What are the signs and symptoms of placenta previa? It’s time for you to get the right answer.

Signs and symptoms of placenta previa

The major symptom of placenta previa is sudden light to heavy bleeding from the vagina. Any bleeding can represent problems with the placenta and needs investigation by a physician. Specific symptoms may include:

  • Sudden onset, painless, apparently causeless & recurrent
  • Warning hemorrhage 
  • General condition & anemia are proportionate to visible blood loss.

I also wrote a tutorial on Premature Infant: Cause, Treatment, And Health Problems In Pregnancy that you can read.

If your situations are similar to these symptoms, AZMED Maternity Belt can be an absolute lifesaver for you.  

How do I’m sure of that?

The AZMED Maternity Belt is created to support your baby bump during your pregnancy, so it has less compression than the regular postpartum belt. While you may use this during the early stage of your postpartum period, I would still recommend using a belt with better compression for the best results.

Hope you are enjoying this article. Read on to learn more about placenta previa.

I also wrote a tutorial on: Premature Infant: Cause, Treatment, And Health Problem In Pregnancy that you can read.

Diagnosis of placenta previa

Usually, the first signs of the placenta will appear during the routine 20-week ultrasound. However, these initial symptom is not necessarily a cause for worry since the placenta is often lower in the mother’s uterus during the early part of pregnancy.

If you experience bleeding in the second half of your pregnancy, your doctors will observe the position of the placenta utilizing one of these selected methods:

  • TAS (Transabdominal Sonography)
  • TVS (Transvaginal Sonography)
  • Colour doppler 
  • MRI

Abdominal Examination

The uterus is not tender on palpitation & relaxes.

  • FHR is usually normal
  • The head is floating
  • Persistence of malpresentation like breech or transverse
  • Vaginal Examination
  • Not done at the OPD base.
  • Ready for the cesarean section before the examination.

Well, today, readers are in luck, as this article will teach you everything about placenta previa that you should know about.

Now we can move on to the other section of placenta previa preventions.

Prevention of placenta previa

A placenta previa diagnosis can be shocking for expecting a baby. Here are some ideas for coping with your condition and how to prepare yourself for delivery.

  • Proper antenatal care should give to women.
  • Prenatal diagnosis of the low lying placenta at 20 Weeks & 34 Weeks
  • Bleeding should not be taken lightly. 
  • Color flow doppler USG.

 At home:

  • The patient immediately put it to bed.
  • To assess blood loss.
  • Inspection of clothing soaked with blood.
  • To note pulse, Blood pressure, and degree of anemia.
  • Auscultate FHS & note any tenderness on the uterus.

Read: Aims Of Antenatal Care

 Transfer to hospital:

  • Flying squad service is ideal for the removal of patients.
  • The arrangement was made to shift the patient to an equipped hospital having facilities of BT, emergency CS, NICU.

To get started care, you’ll need to know:

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Placenta previa complications

I have covered some frequently asked questions at the end of this section to make things easier for you.


  • During pregnancy, Shock, Death 

During labor

  • Early rupture of membrane
  • Cord prolapse
  • Intrapartum hemorrhage 
  • Increased incidence of operative interference 
  • Postpartum hemorrhage
  • Maternal death
  • Retained Placenta


  • Sepsis 
  • Sub involution 
  • Embolism

Fetal complication

  • Low birth weight baby
  • Asphyxia 
  • IUGR (Intra Uterine Growth Retardation) 
  • Birth Injuries 
  • Congenital malformation

Frequently Asked Questions:

Can a baby survive placenta previa?

Placenta previa is not a serious problem: as the baby grows, the placenta develops and starts lifting and away from the cervix on its own. This is known as “placental migration.” Because of this, in most cases of placenta previa, a baby can survive and can be resolved before the third trimester.

Is placenta previa harmful to the baby?

Suppose placenta previa demands early delivery of a premature baby. In that case, the baby can experience some negative effects, including low birth rate and breathing problems which may cause brain damage and cerebral palsy.

Is placenta previa a serious condition?

It isn’t a problem if you have placenta previa early in pregnancy. However, it may cause serious bleeding and other serious complications in pregnancy.

What happens when you have placenta previa?

Placenta previa occurs when a baby’s placenta partially or covers the mother’s cervix. Placenta previa may cause severe bleeding during pregnancy and delivery. If you have placenta previa, you might bleed throughout your pregnancy and delivery time.


A placenta previa diagnosis can be alarming for expecting a baby. Here are some ideas for coping with your condition and how to prepare yourself for delivery.

The more you know, the more you’ll know what to expect. Also, contact other people who have been through placenta previa births.

Be sure to rely on your circle of friends and family for conversation and support.

Here are 3 guides that you can refer to learn more about pregnancy complications and its treatment:

Still have any questions about Placenta previa? Ask in the comments section!

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