What Is Vitamin K? | Vitamin K Dependent Factors

What Is Vitamin K?

Vitamin K is also necessary to keep our bones healthy. It helps in many functions of the body.

There are two main types of vitamin K. Vitamin K1 is found in plants, such as green vegetables such as spinach and bananas. Vitamin K2 is naturally made in the intestinal tract and acts similar to K1.

Vitamin K Dependent Factors

Gamma carboxylation reveals another negative charge to promote the effective binding of these factors to calcium ions.

Y-carboxylation by chelating calcium ions, therefore, permits the binding of the blood-clotting protein to membranes.

Vitamin K-dependent coagulation factor VII, IX, and X and proteins C and S. deficiency of the vitamin K-dependent factors result from missense mutations in the genes for vitamin K VKORC-1 or gamma-glutamyl carboxylase.

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Table of Contents

Vitamin K1 and K2

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Vitamin K begins proteins that play a role in blood clotting, calcium metabolism, and cardiovascular health.

Its essential function is the deposition of calcium. In other words, it promotes calcification of bones and inhibits calcification of blood vessels and kidneys.

Scientists have advice that vitamins K1 and K2 are different, and many feel they are categorized as entirely other nutrients.

An animal study reports that vitamin K2 reduces blood vessel calcification, whereas vitamin K1 did not.

Controllers studies in people also believe that vitamin K2 supplements usually improve bone and heart health, while vitamin K1 is of no importance.

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Vitamin K deficiency signs and symptoms

The primary symptom deficiency is excessive bleeding.

  • Skin discoloration.
  • Excess blood flow when a minor injury occurs.
  • Small blood clots under the nails
  • Sudden bleeding from the nose.
  • Bleeding in the stool or thick black colors chair.
  • Irregular bleeding during menstruation.

In infants, symptoms of deficiency

  • The umbilical cord is removing, and there is bleeding
  • Bleeding occurs in the skin, nose, gastrointestinal tract, or other areas.
  • If the child expands, there is bleeding from the penis.
  • Sudden bleeding in the brain, which is extremely dangerous, is severe.

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Vitamin K deficiency causes

Vitamin K deficiency is uncommon in adults if some people increases the risk of:

  • Take coumarin anticoagulants such as warfarin, which throws up blood.
  • Excessive use of Antibiotic
  • There is a condition due to which the body is not able to absorb fat properly.
  • A diet that is severely deficient in vitamin K.
  • Coumarin anticoagulants defend in the production of proteins involves in blood clotting.
  • Lack of fat can cause vitamin K deficiency:
  • Some diseases such as – Liver problems, intestinal inflammation, and patients with cystic fibrosis (a genetic disorder associates with the lungs and digestive system) are at risk of vitamin K deficiency.
  • Newborns are deficient in vitamin K for several reasons.
  • Low breast milk
  • Not moving well from the mother’s placenta to her baby,
  • The liver of the infant doesn’t use the vitamin efficiently

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Benefits of vitamin K

  • It maintains blood flow in the body. It prevents blood clotting or clotting in the body by activating GLA protein, minerals, and calcium in the blood coagulation process.
  • Prevents hardening of the walls of the arteries.
  • Proves to help eliminate the risk of a heart attack.
  • It can overcome the risk factors connects to cancer.
  • Strengthens bones and removes problems like osteoporosis.
  • Proves to help increase the activation of insulin. Gives relief to the diabetes problem.

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Food sources vitamin K

Can cure many foods of vitamin K deficiency by including them in a regular diet. can cure many foods

Foods low in vitamin K

Sweet corn., Onions, Squash., Eggplant., Tomatoes, Mushrooms, Sweet Potato, and Cucumbers (raw)

Foods high in Vitamin K

Kale, Mustard Greens Collard Greens Spinach, Broccoli, Natto, Cabbage, Parsley, red capsicum, green peas, kiwi, blueberries, grapes, strawberries, sprouts, soybeans, yogurt, Hard cheese, Avocado, Butter, Cream, green tea, olive oil, etc. 

Meat Product

Swiss Chard, Chicken, Duck Breast, Brussels Sprouts, Pork Chops, and Eggs.

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Foods high in Vitamin K2

  • Beef Liver 
  • Pork Chops 
  • Chicken 
  • Goose Liver Paste.
  • Bacon 
  • Ground Beef.
  • Pork Liver

Must read: Nutrition Value of Food: Importance, Benefits, and Diet

Prevention

Can prevent coagulation defect due to hypoprothrombinemia in the newborn by administering vitamin K- 1mg in the intramuscular route.

Prophylactic use of vitamin- K to give every infant immediately after birth remains controversial.

Excessive vitamin K’s administration may cause hemolytic anemia, hyperbilirubinemia, especially in preterm & G6PD deficient infants.

An elder infant, early weaning & intake of food containing vitamin- K can prevent this problem.

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Vitamin K dosage

Vitamin K1 = 10 mg daily &  Vitamin K2 = 45 mg daily must be used safely.

Most people do not experience any side effects when taking the suggesting amount of vitamin K every day, But some may have stomach upset and diarrhea.

Does vitamin k thin blood?

Vitamin K plays a role in blood clotting, which is known as blood clotting. Because of that, it prevents excessive bleeding inside and outside the body.

The body needs the nutrients it needs to carry out basic tasks. The body cannot produce potassium on its own and can only make a volume of vitamins. As a result, it is essential to consume these nutrients through food.

Both vitamin K and potassium are essential, but they are not the same type of compound.

Vitamin k is needed in the body?

Helps in making proteins necessary for blood clots and bone building. Prothrombin is a vitamin K-dependent protein directly involved with blood clotting.

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Vitamin K treatment

If someone wants to develop Vitamin K deficiency, a healthcare provider gives them a Vitamin K medicine called phytonadione.

Vitamin K supplement is readily available in the market. These pills are mix with some other ingredients like calcium, magnesium, and vitamin DIt is present in all multivitamins.

In the PT blood test, if it is shown that the blood flows for a long time, then vitamin K is given in an injection. If the bleeding stops and the protein present in the blood plasma start to accumulate, then it is found that the need for vitamin K is the reason for the bleeding.

After starting its treatment, its effect is seen in two or five days. I also wrote a tutorial on What Is Folic Acid Used For?: What We Need To Know that you can follow.

Conclusion

If essential in adults, vitamin K deficiency can result in excessive bleeding and become dangerous. However, in all cases, vitamin K deficiency is treatable with the help of a doctor.

Also, if you think we have missed important information in this post, then remind us in the comments below.

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