Pericarditis is an inflammation in the pericardium. A fluid-filled sac with two layers is located in the outer part of our heart, called the pericardium. Its main function is to give comfort to our heart, to keep away from infection.
What Makes Pericarditis Worse?
If pericarditis is not treated, it can get worse and become a more severe condition.
Cardiac tamponade: If too much liquid builds up in the pericardium, it can put more pressure on the heart, preventing it from filling with blood. If left untreated, blood pressure rises.
Constrictive pericarditis: This is a rare condition of pericarditis. Constrictive pericarditis involves permanent thickening and scarring of the pericardium.
These tissues cause stiffness, and the heart does not function properly, causing swelling in the legs and difficulty breathing.
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Types of pericarditis
There are Two types Pericarditis:
- It includes sudden pain, inflammation of the pericardial layer of the heart.
- Causes of acute pericarditis include the prevention of red blood cells, white blood cells, fibrin that do not enter into the pericardial space.
Infectious: Pericarditis may be caused by:
- Viral (coxsackievirus, influenza).
- Bacterial (Pneumonococcus, tuberculous, staphylococcus or streptococcus).
- Fungal (Aspergillus, Candida, & Coccidioides
- Rheumatic fever
- Myocardial infarction
- Uremic pericarditis
- Malignancy of the heart
- Side effects of some medications, e.g., isoniazid, cyclosporine, warfarin, & heparin.
- Aortic dissection
- Postpericardiotomy syndrome: Usually after CABG surgery.
Signs and symptoms
The Symptoms of Pericarditis can include :
- If an infection causes it, you may have fever, chills, or sweating.
Your chest pain is almost always there.
Feeling pain in the neck, shoulders, back, or abdomen.
Pain is often felt in deep breathing.
It hurts you to swallow, Sitting and leaning forward or bending is relieved.
- Dry cough
- Joints pain
- Increased heart rate (depends upon the degree of fever & anxiety).
- Weight loss
How to sleep with pericarditis?
Sleeping on the right side is a good option for people with pericarditis. Although some people think that sleeping on your right side can re-limit blood flow to the heart, there is not enough indication to prove that it is harmful.
Your doctor check to Diagnosis tool may use
MRI: This radio uses waves and a magnetic field; this technique shows the width of the walls of the heart
Echocardiogram: This creates an image of the heart using sound waves.
Electrocardiogram: A wire is applied to the chest to measure the electrical activity of the heart.
By the way, pericarditis can be treated in many ways. But the treatment of pericarditis depends on its cause. When its cause is known, it can be treated correctly. If you have a bacterial infection, you will be treated by giving antibiotics.
Colicin is an inflammation-reducing drug that helps reduce your symptoms and prevent pericarditis from recurring.
It is a very effective medicine. Corticosteroids are beneficial in reducing the symptoms of pericarditis. But studies have shown that early use of corticosteroids may increase the risk of recurrence of pericarditis.
Usually, a diuretic (“water pills”) helps you get rid of excess fluid caused by constrictive pericarditis.
- Pericardial effusion
- Cardiac tamponade
- Pulsus paradoxus
Do you have any questions about choosing the best treatment for early and long lasting recovery? Ask in the comments!
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