What To Expect With Frontotemporal Dementia? | How Do You Get Dementia?

Introduction

Dementia affecting memory, thinking, and social abilities severely enough to interfere with daily life.

Dementia develops when the part of the brain involved with learning, decision making, language, and memory is affected by various causes.

Approximately 15% of people with dementia have reversible illness if treatment is initiated before irreversible damage takes place

Dementia is a disease in that decline in memory, language, problem-solving, thinking that affect a person’s person’s ability to perform everyday activities.

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Table of Contents

What to expect with frontotemporal dementia?

With FTD, unusual behavior and loss of speech or language are usually the first symptoms.
In later stages of dementia, patients develop movement disorders such as instability, rigidity, twitches, slowness, muscle weakness, or difficulty swallowing.

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Signs of frontotemporal dementia may involve the following symptoms:

  • Unusual verbal, physical, or sexual behavior
  • Lack of inhibition
  • Change in mood and personality

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How do you get dementia?

Dementia is generated by damage to brain cells. When your brain cells cannot normally communicate, thinking, behavior, and feelings can be affected.

Changes in your brain that cause dementia are caused, memory and thinking problems caused by the conditions that may develop when the condition is treated or addressed:

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Causes of dementia

  • Advancing age
  • Genetics
  • Head injury
  • Brain tumors
  • Electrolyte imbalance
  • Kidney, liver, and lungs disease
  • Heart disease
  • Cerebrovascular accident

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Types of dementia

Cortical and subcortical Dementias

  • Cortical dementia arises from a disorder affecting the cerebral cortex. While subcortical dementia result from dysfunction of the brain that is beneath the cortex

Reversible and non-reversible Dementia

  • Reversible dementia has a specific and treatable cause. At the same time, non-reversible dementia has a progressive and untreatable reason.

Pre-senile and senile Dementia

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Types of dementia according to Causes

Vascular dementia

  • It occurs due to brain damage from a cerebrovascular accident and is reversible.

Frontotemporal dementia

  • It is dementia linked with degeneration of nerve cells in the brain’s frontal and temporal regions.

Lewy body dementia

  • It is common and progressive where cells in the brain cortex die.

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Risk factors

Age

  • The risk after the age of 65 years. Dementia can occur in younger people.
  • Smoking. Smoking might increase the risk for vascular disease.

Heavy alcohol use

Vitamin and nutritional deficiencies

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Signs and symptoms

  • Cognitive changes
  • Memory loss
  • Difficulty handling complex tasks
  • Difficulty with planning and organizing
  • Difficulty reasoning or problem-solving
  • Forgetfulness (loses things, forget numbers)
  • Confusion with performing simple tasks
  • Poor concentration,
  • Difficulty with visual and spatial abilities
  • Confusion about month and season
  • Confusion and disorientation
  • Psychological changes
  • Personality changes
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Inappropriate behavior
  • Paranoia
  • Agitation
  • Hallucinations

Diagnosis evalutions

  • Mental status assessment.
  • Physical and neurological exams.
  • Hematological investigation
  • Blood glucose
  • ESR
  • CBC
  • Urine examination 

Radiological examination

  • X-ray skull
  • CT scan of the skull
  • MRI of the skull
  • Electroencephalography
  • Brain biopsy

Management

Common medication used for dementia are as follow:

  • Antipsychotic to improve cognitive changes.
  • Antidepressant
  • Mood stabilizer
  • Anti-anxiety drugs

Psychological Therapies

  1. Behavioral therapy
  2. Cognitive therapy.

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Conclusion

Dementia is a term that describes symptoms that affect memory, thinking, feelings, and behavior.
Symptoms may get worse over time. Certain medications can help manage the symptoms, but ultimately the person needs full-time help.

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