Where Is The Prostate Located | All About Prostate Cancer

The prostate gland is also helpful in the production of semen (a fluid that carries sperm during ejaculation) in men. It produces thick white fluid, which is liquefied by a specific protein called prostate-specific antigen PSA. This fluid combines with the sperm produced by our testicles to form semen.

Prostatitis is a condition in which the prostate gland is swollen (red and swollen). Usually, inflammation occurs as a reaction to an infection. But in most cases of prostatitis, there is no evidence of infection. The prostate gland is sometimes associated with the lower urinary tract and sexual discomfort and dysfunction symptoms.

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Table of Contents

Where is the prostate located?

The state is a small gland found only in males. It is in the human body between the penis and the bladder, which surrounds the urethra.

Read: Where Does Bladder Cancer Begin?

Types of prostitis

Acute bacterial prostatitis

Symptoms of acute bacterial burning urination prostatitis can occur suddenly in which men should seek medical attention.

Chronic bacterial prostatitis

The signs of chronic bacterial prostatitis are related to acute bacterial prostatitis, but they are not severe. This type of prostatitis always develops slowly and lasts for two or more months, with symptoms coming and going.

Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis

Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis no symptoms. It is identified during other tests, which is found more men who regularly smoke and drink.

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Symptoms of prostate cancer

There are no early signs of prostate cancer, but screening may show cancerous symptoms. But men experience this:

  • Frequent urination (especially at night)
  • urinating or stopping
  • Weakness or disrupted urine flow
  • Painful tingling or burning sensation during urination or ejaculation
  • Urine or blood
  • Cancer Pain in the lower back, hips, or upper thigh causes more pain.
  • Frequency
  •  Urgency
  •  hesitancy

Symptoms of advanced prostate cancer

  • Fractures or bone pain
  • Swelling in the heel or foot
  • Weight loss
  • Feeling tired
  • Changes in the intestines
  • Back pain 

Causes of prostate cancer

Prostate cancer is more likely to occur when epithelial cells change.

A cancerous prostatic in the prostate gland is called intraepithelial neoplasia.

About 50% of men over the age of 50 have intraepithelial neoplasia.

First, the changes will begin slowly, and the cells will not become cancerous. However, they can become cancerous over time. Cancer cells are high or low grade.

High-grade cells are more likely to grow and increase, while lower-grade cells are less likely to grow, so there is no need to worry.

Infectious agents: Bacteria, fungi, mycoplasma, Other conditions:

Risk factors

Doctors do not know how prostate cancer occurs, but these can be risks:

  • Age: The risk remains after the age of 50 but is rarely seen before 45.
  • Race or ethnicity
  • Family history: If a man has a relationship or relationship with a history of prostate cancer, there is a risk.
  • Genetic factors 

Other factors:

There is some sign to suggest that other factors. 

  • Inflammation of the prostate
  • Sexually transmitted infections
  • Blood vessel
  • food
  • Obesity
  • Smoking

Stages

Knowing the stages of prostate cancer can help a person understand what to do and the following stages of deciding on treatment.

Stage 0: Occasional cells are present, but they affect a small area and spread slowly.

Stage 1: Cancer is present in the prostate gland. Treatment at this stage can affect.

Stages 2–3: Prostate cancer spreads to nearby tissues. Cancer increases to other parts of the body.

Diagnosis

If a man has symptoms that are prostate cancer, the doctor will check him this way.

Your doctor asks about your symptoms and asks for personal and medical history.

The PSA will perform a blood test to assess the level It  Will take a urine test to see other biomarkers Physical examination is a digital rectal examination.

When the digital rectal exam, the doctor will examine the prostate manually for any abnormality with any finger of the prostate.

The doctor will do more tests if the cutter is doubted of having cancer:

PCA3 test: Looks for the PCA3 gene in urine.

Transactional ultrasound: can do this with a camera in the rectum.

Biopsy: The doctor will take tissue samples to examine under a microscope.  Only a biopsy can detect the presence of cancer.

A person who needs monitoring during treatment needs an MRI or CT scan.

Treatment

Surgery

A surgeon performs a prostatectomy. They remove the prostate gland by laparoscopic or open surgery.

Radiation therapy

Breakthrough therapy rap: To deliver radiation treatment to the target radiator implants radioactive seeds in the prostate

Confirmed Radiation Therapy

It targets a specific area, reducing the risk of healthy tissue. The second type called intensity-modulated radiation therapy,

Treatment depends on various factors. The doctor gives the best option to treat the person.

Conclusion

Early-stage prostate cancer should be taken and screened regularly. Also should be treated as soon as possible .and should go to your doctor without panic.

Suggested: Is Penile Cancer Curable?

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